ਤੈਨੂੰਮੇਰਾਸੋਹਨਿਯਾਖਿਯਾਲਕੋਈਨਾ, ਪਿਯਾਰਵਾਲਾਦਿਲਚਉਬਾਲਕੋਈਨਾ I ਨਾਦੇਨਾਏੰਜਵਾਬਕੋਈਮੇਰੀਗੱਲਦਾ, ਤੇਮੇਰੇਲਈਤੇਰੇਕੋਲਸਵਾਲਕੋਈਨਾ I ਛੂਜਾਣਮੇਰੇਬੁੱਲਾਂਨੂੰਪਹਿਲਾਂਤੇਰੇਨਾਮਤੋ, ਇੰਨੀਮੇਰੇਸਾਹਾਂਦੀਮਜਾਲਕੋਈਨਾ I ਕਹਿਣਨੂੰਤਾਂਨਾਲਨਾਲਚਲਦਾਏਚੰਨਵੀ, ਤੇਰੇਬਿਨਾਚਲੇ 'ਅਰਸ਼' ਨਾਲਕੋਈਨਾ I
Identification Number – Aadhar” – An attempt to make Aadhar a real Aadhar for Digital
(Fisrt in the series of developing
After much hyped ambitious project Aadhar
of UPA, GOI, as per recent news is planning to issue national identity card to
citizens of India on the basis of Natioanl population Register (NPR).
We already have so many cards like
PAN card, DL, Voter Id card, Ration Card etc. and it’s an observed fact that
none of them guarantee an evident information of the person to whom it has been
issued. The only reason being that all of these ID or Address proofs forms
basis to one another without any actual independent verification. People make
ration cards and address it contains doesn’t even exist. People can have any
address of their choice written on Driving license at number of places with the
help of Agents. Voter Card carries a different story altogether where spelling
mistake in name is a routine affair and surname and father’s name of someone
else being printed is no big deal. PAN card carries name with different
spelling and different date of birth. No doubt in such instances we have cases
where murderers come outside on parole, go absconding, take admission in a
college, get selected for a Govt joband
start working as well. People have different documents under their names for
tax evasion. We have ended up with so many Valid address and Identity documents
where we have Different names, Different Father’s name, Different Date of birth
and Different Address. And all these documents are valid documents for Identity
Now with the entry of Aadhar card
and the way it has been made, we have Name, DOB, Address of our choice on the
basis of documents cited above. Aadhar card goes a further ahead and add Iris
and finger prints of the person making it impossible to claim someone else but
does that stop an illegal person staying in India to get an Aadhar card? Of-course
with retina scan and finger prints we can’t claim to be someone else but does
that solve our purpose of spending so much money on that farce? In short, we
have an Finger prints and Iris scan of a person but we don’t know if the name
and address of the person is real.
Going a lot further with addition
of demographic details and already completed house listing in census 2011, GOI
is aiming to issue National Identity Card. National Identy Card will use data
of NPR (which in further will depend upon Census2011 and other projects
initiated under NPR) and UIN (Which takes data from so many unverified
documents). When there are cases of FIR’s resgistered by EC for making Voter
card on the basis of Aadhar card issued to illegal migrants, tackling illegal
migrants on such unverified data and a verified house listing seems a far
Even if we succeed in making a
National Identity Card verified with all information it contains, is that all what we think a use of an identity
It’s not what these Cards bring in,
it’s about what it doesn’t. What opportunity cost we bear. What could have been
done and what we have ended up with. In absence of real time data of anything
related to a common citizen of the country how can we expect to frame policies
to be efficient effective and responsive. We don’t know people who don’t pay
taxes. We don’t know total household incomes. We don’t know who actually fall
under BPL, BPL card being issued on political motives. We don’t know who has
become a part of creamy layer. We don’t know who is deprived of basic daily
meal, health facility and education. We don’t know about senior citizens who
don’t have any income and has been abandoned by their children. All the information
we seek we accept upon declarations by people or an attestation from a local
body at max. Even NPR depends upon declarations too.
Thus it becomes most
necessary to make it an actual Validated Document issued to every citizen of
Few deep thoughts to find answers
and we can easily get a layout across our mind which I have tried to lay down
here in three segments.
AADHAR/National Identity Card should be?
How useful it
What takes to
make Aadhar a real AADHAR?
An Ideal AADHAR/National Identity
section primarily deals with what information should aadhar card or UIN be able
to provide to the user (which is obviously an Authority here i.e. Registrar
General and Census Commissioner of India, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government
of India), how different set of information can be clubbed at User interface
and how respective set of databases can be integrated at backend to allow a
single window updation as per requirement.
AADHAR/UIN/National Identity Card is available with full potential, it must
produce atleast below set of information of a person on entering that Unique
number in the system.
user interface, user will have information as above with blue colored
hyperlinks for more specific information. Hyperlinks in the system will take
user directly to database of that particular department handling those information
and records. Access to that database can be set as per requirement. For
No HyperLink – Takes directly to data base pertaining
to and maintained by Income tax department and provide ITR and other TAX
details under this UIN. Amount of information accessed by PAN card hyperlink
from UIN system, can be set as per requirement.
No HyperLink –Takes directly to database pertaining
to and maintained by Transport office and provides its challan history as well
as all vehicles registered under this UIN and DL.
Id No HyperLink – Takes directly to database pertaining
to and maintained by Election Commission and provides constituencies and voting
history of this UIN.
No Hyperlink – Takes directly to database pertaining
to and maintained by passport office and provides all details about travel
history of this UIN.
members UIN HyperLink – Takes directly to that members’ UIN
home page and provide his/her details.
Records Yes/No Hyperlink – Take directly to database pertaining to and maintained by police &
Judiciary and provides criminal records/FIR’s and proceedings going on under
departments like Transport, passport, Income Tax, Election Commission, Police and
states will have their databases linked with National Database. Deptt and
states will have capacities to access/maintain and update their respective data
and any change will reflect in central database.
buying a new home, new car, birth, marriage, death, ITR or anything , will have
to provide his UIN no. One can easily download the required form, fill it, put
a thumb impression and send it to respective department, where they can get
thumb impression checked and update the required database which will in turn
update National database.
above information is in place, so many policies can be easily made and
implemented. We just need to imagine what we can do if that set of information
of every citizen is available in national database.
An optimal use of AADHAR/National
in achieving complete Financial inclusion is KYC of the people. Even RBI has
relaxed it a lot for the financial inclusion but then it becomes a headache for
the banks to implement it in this way. Once everyone will have UIN, there won’t
be any need for any other documentation and Financial Inclusion will be just a
step ahead. Even Banks are facing big trouble in delivering ATM cards and Pins
to PMJDY accounts due to half cooked addresses.
When it will be
mandatory to quote UIN in all bank A/c, ITR, VAT/Sales Tax/Forex/Trade transactions,
PAN card and PAN linked with UIN will help knowing exact tax implications of a
person for the transaction through banking channel. With electricity and
Internet infrastructure in place and further reduction of cash transaction with
more usage of Cards, it will help in reducing black money in the system.
With the help of
Income link and Annual family income, it would be easier for Govt to frame
policies in a better way.
Ration Cards with
family details and their respective UIN will be printed automatically.
Voter Card will
be automatically issued for a person attaining adulthood and will automatically
be discarded on receiving death information which will trigger the same in
other databases viz. Voter card, DL, passport etc.
address, DOB will be there on all the documents pertaining to a person.
When one will
register for marriage, two UIN will be entered and automatically data of female
will be added to new family. Her new address will be updated and a prompt
message will be sent to her for her Voter card updation requirement. On taking
a print-out of online form, putting a thumb impression and sending it to EC
will do update her records in Voter details as well.
birth registration will need UIN of both the parents and will allot a new UIN
for new born child.
There will be national
DL not state ones. A DL punched by traffic police for challan will be recorded
in central database.
cases/FIR’s etc will have UIN along with names and same will be updated in
central database. Every UIN will have a verified address. From fingerprints,
every individual could be traced. Character certificates or police verification
certificate could be issued easily in case of national criminal database based
details can help in aligning our Blood banks as per need. We will know how many
people of different blood groups are
there in India which can further be motivated for the cause.
details in place, a national education database of citizens will be there. That
Education level database can be used in numerous ways. National, State,
District, Village level e-employment exchanges could be setup. Educational
qualification details will help allocating jobs, skills as per requirement and
will help in great extant in dealing with Unemployment. Data on the basis of
education and employment would be available on real time basis and future
policies could be made on that basis. Once employment exchanges will be made
available with full potential, education qualification details will help even
proper filling up of jobs under MNREGA. It will be easier to take further decision
on reservation policies.
construction would need to be registered under Municpal Corporation records
under UIN. Every new Construction on empty land while getting approval will
have to be entered along with UIN of that person. New address allotted will
reflect as secondary residential property and address of that UIN holding person.
Similarly with commercial construction, similar details need to be
entered.Once established like above,
Census will become a checking mechanism instead of recording mechanism.
having an address will have a UIN and those who are homeless and living in
slums, around railway stations and other abandoned places around cities, may be
provided basic one room shelters to be built under Govt schemes on those
abandoned places. UIN could be issued to them after that further jobs could be
created for them to get them into higher strata of social life.
No illegal stay
would be possible and no forged documents would be possible to made.
Based upon the
data collected in UIN, free primary/secondary/vocational/skill education can be
provided to needy and free health/travel facilities/pension can be provided to
senior citizens who don’t have anyone to depend upon and no income.
easily download form from respective department websites to update any data
regarding Education, occupation or anything, put a thumb impression on the form
and send to respective department where same would be updated on successful
verification of thumb impression.
– A real Aadhar
the basis of house listing as per NPR and believing that it has covered all the
houses in India, first of all allot a standard house address to every house.
This is most important to have a verified address and address of every
household. Standardization of house addresses is the need of the hour too as in
villages, towns and small cities, still house numbers have not been allotted,
ward numbers keep on changing and so on to make it more tougher to track.
we know places to live, we will mark people living there. In second step,
people of a particular area will be informed for their day of verification and
officer will visit each address and will take all family details correctly for
the family residing on that particular address. Address will be recorded as
verified and other details like Name, DOB etc of all members of the family will
be recorded as per original documents shown for those details. Details of all
family members will be recorded correctly and with care as this will be the
final details being updated in UIN and will be used to update other records
viz. PAN, DL, Voter cards with same details. This way every citizen will be
recorded in UIN with his correct residence/permanent address. Anyone residing
somewhere other than his permanent address need to get his communication
address recorded which will be further checked at the end with whom UIN it has
been registered. Another most important thing to be taken care of is, data
collection and address verification need to be done by professionals not like
any tom dick and harry like in the case of Aadhar. NPR is working on similar
lines but still lack a proper layout and process of data collection is same by
inviting tenders and allocating it to some agency like it had been done in case
every detail has been taken care of while writing that layout, it still may not
be inclusive. More thoughts put behind on the similar lines and a will for the
same will ensure the basic step towards Digital India.